Understanding Gender Harmony
Understanding Gender Harmony
Why it is Important to Support Women
Why it is Important to Support Women
African Views technical, scientific, and cultural research, analysis, reports, and public engagement on Gender Harmony
Care of Victims and Prevention on Violence Against Women Discrimination and violence against women and girls and violations of their human rights still happen till today. Just as Violence against women is a global course to the United Nations' Community, the International organizations and working groups, violence against women and girls has much rooted concerns in the global pursuit on the Future Women Want. This calls for more serious commitment that in the end the future women want will include total eradication of all forms of violence against women and girls that in the end what women and girls want is equality between boys and girls and between men and women.
MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empower women This week's topic: Education and Its role in Promoting Gender Equity Gender parity index for gross enrolment ratio in primary, secondary and tertiary education (Girls' school enrolment ratio in relation to boys' enrolment ratio), 1998/1999 and 2008/2009 (Girls per 100 boys). At the level of secondary education, the Caucasus and Central Asia, Northern Africa and South-Eastern Asia have achieved gender parity. However, girls remain at a distinct disadvantage in Oceania, Southern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Western Asia. In contrast, girls have surpassed boys in Eastern Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean when it comes to participation in secondary school. The picture is quite different at the tertiary level of education. It is at this level that the gender parity index for the whole of the developing world is highest, at 97 girls for every 100 boys. But it is also where the greatest gender disparity is observed. Among the developing regions, only Eastern Asia and Northern Africa have achieved gender parity in tertiary education. Participation rates are either skewed heavily in favour of boys, as in Oceania, Southern Asia, sub- Saharan Africa and Western Asia, or in favour of girls, as in the Caucasus and Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and South-Eastern Asia.
Building Women's Self Esteem from Childhood to Maturity This week's discussion is about building women's self esteem from an early stage, the importance of family and community support, and how to benefit from the rules of law. The level of women's self esteem has much to do about consequences of resisting attacks from the opposite gender. What are the effect of impunity for perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, especially crimes against women and children on women? We will discuss why it is important for women to win the fight against impunity and the role as well as the position of International Criminal Court (ICC) on the issue. HOST: DR. SURENDRA KAUSHIK CO-HOST: DR. SOROSH ROSHAN
The Potentials of Women Aside from social restrictions placed on a females' everyday life there are multiple obstacles that present themselves to the creativity and expressions on the female individual. Many times these restrictions take place due to social biases like that of the difference between a man an a woman, natural limitations such as the need to tend to one's family, and internal afflictions examples of which are created due to years of exposure to a certain social construct that make individuals believe a certain conception of themselves. Regardless of the specificity of the barrier, a woman's creativity still exists. In this program we will explore ways in which these forms of expressions can tunnel into mediums that may not be presently available. There are many examples of great artists, musicians, creators, and they are few demonstrations of how women can shape their lives accordingly. In addition from having a role model to better understand how expression can manifest regardless of any impediment this radio show will also focus on the many internal liberations that need to exists for any external one to occur.
WOMEN EMPOWERMENT: IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN IN LEADERSHIP There have always been female rulers. Egyptian Queens are believed to have governed from around 3000 BCE and the first to be named by the sources without any doubt is Ku-baba, who ruled the Mesopotamian City-State of Ur round 2500 BCE.. However, it was not until during and just after the World War I that the first few women became members of the revolutionary governments in Ukraine, Russia, Hungary and Ireland. Nina Bang, Danish Minister of Education 1924-26, was the first woman to be minister in democratically elected parliamentary government. First female Prime Minister and President in 1960 are Sirivamo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka became the world's first female elected Premier Minister and in 1974 Isabel Perón of Argentina became the first woman President - one woman had been Acting Head of Government and two women Acting Heads of State before that. Nevertheless, development was slow and it was not until the end of the 20th century that female ministers stopped being unusual, though a number of countries don't have women in their governments at the moment. Sweden became the first country to have more female ministers than male in 1999. With 11 women and 9 men and in 2007 the Finish government had 60% women. And, in 2009 Monaco became the last country in the world to have its first female member of government. The United Nation has had 8 Secretaries-General since its inception in 1945. The Secretary-General acts as the de facto spokesperson and leader of the United Nations. The Secretary-General role was envisioned by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a "world moderator," but the office was defined in the UN Charter as the organization's "chief administrative officer" (Article 97). Nevertheless, this Secretary-General role is not restricted to a specific gender and does has not prevented the office holders from speaking out and playing important roles...
Development, Economic Finance, Women and the Workplace Gender inequality has improved over the years. However, it is still a pressing issue and affects women on a daily basis. The accessibility to economic freedom especially the equal treatment in economic terms lessens the many limitations women face. Such limitations exist like: unequal pay, inability to purchase property, limit to education as a means to economic freedom, job opportunities, and social restrictions such as cultural traditions. Fair pay is essential for families to thrive, especially in hard economic times. In the United States during 2009, as stated by the No Limits Foundation, 1.5 million married couples with children relied exclusively on women's earnings at some point; this represents 6.7% of all married couples with children. Additionally, 6.34 million families are headed by working single mothers. Many times certain individuals shy away from providing equal pay because of the stereotypical perspective of a woman's role in society. Economic freedom starts with the breaking of this mentality. Discrimination against women is practiced outside of the workplace as well as in the workplace. Even though men are not directly affected by this type of discrimination men and society as a whole face indirect repercussions for this unequal treatment. "Gender equality is also smart economics. . . . According to a UN study, it is estimated that the Asia Pacific region is shortchanged between 42 and 47 billion dollars a year in GDP because of the untapped potential of women? as said by Ambassador Melanne Verveer. "In countries where men and women are closer to being equal in economic participation, political empowerment, accesses to education and health survivability, these countries enjoy greater prosperity and economic growth. Simply put – no country can get ahead if half its people are left behind.
MARRIAGE IN DECLINEIt has been proven that fewer and fewer people are tying the knot, and a new study reveals just how much marriage rate has declined in the last century. People often wonder why some of us get married, especially now that it is obvious that there is decline in marriage; Dr. Flanagan, an American psychologist suggests that, people get married ‘because we want someone who can be a student of us, and the reason why we get unmarried is that, over the time, the students become teachers and no one is ready to learn, also by forgetting to tend to one another'…. Therefore, it is within our civil responsibility to the society that we address this issue together. Many changes in the last half century have played massive effect on marriage and divorce rates... Read more
Women’s Health Issues in Africa While life expectancy is higher for women than men in most countries, a number of health and social factors combine to create a lower quality of life for women. Unequal access to information, care and basic health practices further increases the health risks for women. It is 2012 and violence against women especially in Africa has exacerbated. Forced child marriages are on the rise, Children as young as 10 are having babies, FGM and Fistula are prevalent, statistics on violence against women is on the rise, 61% of new HIV infection are recorded in Sub-Saharan Africa, women are still economically disempowered in Africa, women's reproductive rights and health are almost nonexistent. Discrimination on the basis of their sex leads to many health hazards for women, including physical and sexual violence, sexually-transmitted infections, HIV/AIDS, malaria and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tobacco use is a growing threat among young women, and mortality rates during pregnancy and childbirth remain high. When we consider that the bane of the society is family unit the backbone of which is the woman, we can see that a decline in the well being of the woman is the unraveling of the society. Today we will explore what got lost in translation from The Fourth World Conference on Women Beijing declaration in 1995 to today, what are some of the issues that hold the African woman back and we will suggest ways to correct these ills in our society.
WOMEN EMPOWERMENT:THINGS TO LOVE ABOUT MILLENNIAL WOMEN Millennials, like baby boomers, is a term used to reference a group of people born specifically between 1977 and 1999.They are also referred to as Generation Y due to their inquisitive nature, being the first generation to grow up with computers. The term Millennial Women came to the main stream in a 1978 science fiction anthology, edited by Virginia Kidd, in which all the stories are written by women and have a female character as the primary protagonist. The themes which these stories have in common are those of social science fiction: that which is perceived as alien, the uses of language, careers, familial relationships, sexual politics, and social constructions of gender, political freedom and equality. It is arguable that these fictional stories are now being manifested in reality. SEE DETAIL: http://www.africanviews.org/womens-education-and-empowerment-in-the-world
7th billion reason to invest in women empowerment This week, Ted Turner, founder of CNN wrote an article on the importance of investing in women. His concern was that the world's population has hit the milestone of 7 billion people -- up from 2.5 billion in 1950 -- with almost all of the growth expected to happen in the cities of less developed countries. Universal access to voluntary family planning is a cross-cutting and cost-effective solution to achieving all of the Millennium Development Goals. In addition to reducing maternal mortality, providing voluntary family planning methods and education enables young women to avoid early pregnancy, allows more girls to attend school longer, makes it possible for women to have fewer, healthier children and helps break the inter-generational cycle of poverty. Additionally, it would reduce HIV transmission, empower women to pursue income-generating activities in their communities and promote environmental sustainability. Ted says, the time is now. The investments we make today will shape the world we leave the next generation. If the United States wants to maintain its global leadership role, we must be thinking and making smart investments that will help us address both current and future responsibilities. The best way to do this is to listen to women and fund international family planning. Our future depends on it. What do you think? Host: Dr. Surendra Kaushik Founder and Chairman Mrs. Helena Kaushik Women's College Helena Kaushik Education Foundation http://helenakaushik.org/ Quality Control: Mr. William A. Verdone Producer and Director: Mr. Wale Idris Ajibade Special Advisor Andy Howell
Responsibilities of partners during pregnancy and childbirth In the seventies, a partner's role in the birthing and pregnancy process was finally brought to where it belonged: next to the mother. With the advent of the Bradley birthing methods, fathers were finally given something important to do. They became "coaches" for the birthing event, and their need to be needed was fulfilled. Giuditta Tornetta. Yet, the nine long months ahead of the due date, most men really have no concept of how women feel physically and emotionally during this time. The French have a word for unlicked children (raised without motherly affection), insinuating that they often become a menace to the society because they can't empathize. Even in many African communities where there are many single mothers, the old African adage applies: ‘it takes a village to raise a child.' Raising children begins from pregnancy stage and the mothers-to-be need all the support they can get either from partners, husbands, doulas or other support network accessible to them. This week's episode will help make sense of why it is necessary for partners be fully involved and how to create a safe and friendly environment for the mother-to-be and the child during pregnancy and childbirth.
THE CHILD’S RIGHT TO LIFE AND HEALTH This topic is guided by the right to life, a universal human rights principle enshrined in all international human rights instruments, including the CRC (Convention on the Rights of the Child). Article 6 recognizes that every child has the right to life, survival and development. This provision has been interpreted to mean that measures taken by the State should be ?of a positive nature and thus designed to protect life, including life expectancy, diminish infant and child mortality, combating diseases and rehabilitating health, providing adequate nutritious foods and clean drinking water?. That being said, the number of children who die before the age of five is still alarmingly high in some South East Asian and Sub-Saharan African countries. In the worst hit, as many as 1 in 7 are lost before that landmark age. To this end, the United Nations developed the Millennium Development Goals; the fourth of which is to reduce child mortality by two thirds by the year 2015. Let's talk about the first five years of life and explore the reasons why so many African children do not make it to the fifth year. How can we decisively reduce Child Mortality? How much progress has been made towards meeting the challenges to attaining the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG)? Join us as we explore the challenges to the attainment of this lofty goal as we join the world in celebrating Human Rights Day on December10. HOST: Dr. Ladi Owolabi CO-HOST: Regina Askia Williams, RN AFRICAN VIEWS
WOMEN EMPOWERMENT: Economic Status of Women The economic well-being of women is often used as an indicator of the overall advancement of a society. The better women fare relative to men, the argument goes, the better the overall society is at creating equal opportunities and benefits for its entire people. Women have always played important roles in matrilineal societies around the world. Traditionally in these cultures, women are the keepers of the family and serve as the all-important conduits through which cultures are shaped. In more recent times, we've seen a surge in the formation of women's groups and more women are taking up key government positions. Women increasingly influence politics and development. But are these recent events indicative of an underlying improvement in the economic status of women? Are women really improving their stations in life, relative to men? More specifically, are they becoming more educated, taking up more jobs and earning better wages? This discussion starts with general hisurestorical activities and earning power of women, their progression to professions and the modern movements to equality of wages based on the idea of "same pay for same work" and eliminating gender as an economic consideration. Policies, programs, ways and means to achieve and various degrees of success in different societies will be discussed within the context of globalization. Global benchmarks set by those countries in Africa, Europe, the New World, and Asia who have achieved or close to achieving gender equality in the market place will be highlighted as goal posts for those countries that have not yet done so. Host: Dr. Surendra Kaushik http://www.facebook.com/pages/Mrs-Helena-Kaushik-Womens-College
Partnering to Improve Women’s Health - Thinking Globally This week's topic is Partnering to Improve Women's Health ? Think Globally Act Locally? Special guest: Dr Beatrice Wiafe Addai, M.D.,PhD Consultant Breast Surgeon; C.E.O; Peace and Love Hospitals, Ghana Beatrice Wiafe Addai has been working a Medical officer in Ghana; since 1989 to the present She has been a Breast Surgeon for the past ten years and a consultant in Breast Cancer Management. From a humble beginning nine years ago, Peace and Love Hospital now serves as a resource Centre for the Diagnosis, treatment, Counseling, Rehabilitation, and Research for Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Hepatitis Infections and Renal Dialysis among others. It is through her work and pioneering efforts of developing the infrastructure of Breast Cancer Advocacy, Breast Care International BCI an NGO that seeks to the promotion of Breast Cancer Awareness in Ghana especially in the Remote communities was concerted in 2002 at Kumasi to intensify public awareness on the disease. She is the Race Chair for the first ever Susan G. Komen Ghana Race for the cure in Ghana. Dr Wiafe addai has been the recipient of many awards Some of these include: 1. The International award for Leadership in the Platinum Category, in Paris, France in April 2011. 2. The African Global Person for the year 2011 . The Peace and Love hospitals in Ghana have been at the ore front in delivering quality care to women in Ghana. They have held educational programs about breast cancer for the community to educate them about the importance of prevention and early screening in saving women's lives.
A Global Overview of Violence against Women At least 1 in 3 women around the world are subject to sexual, physical or other forms of violence during their lifetime. It may take many forms and is not limited to any culture, region or country, or to any specific group of women. It has enormous social and economic costs, and undercuts the contribution of women to development, human rights, peace, and security. Not only does violence against women prevent mothers from raising healthy children, it also hampers the economic development and stability within the country in which they live. It also poses a serious threat to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Despite its high costs, almost every society in the world has social institutions that legitimize, obscure and deny abuse. The same acts that would be punished if directed at an employer, a neighbor, or an acquaintance often go unchallenged when men direct them at women, especially within the family. For over two decades women's advocacy groups around the world have been working to draw more attention to the physical, psychological, and sexual abuse of women as well as to stress the need for action to end all forms of violence against women. They have provided abused women with shelter, lobbied for legal reforms, and challenged the widespread attitudes and beliefs that support violent behavior against women. Experts in related fields from 40 international and 150 U.S. groups are making great effort to legislate the International Violence against Women Act. This week's discussion will start with general historical activities and earning power of women, their progression to professions and the modern movements to equality of wages based on the idea of "same pay for same work" and eliminating gender as an economic consideration.
Infant Nutrition in African Communities Quality of nutrition determines health, growth and development of all infant and is a key priority in the effort to improve survival, growth, and development of children with equity. However, we can still able to find many infant and young child feeding (IYCF) at many African community level to be far from optimal. How can we ensure access to good counseling services in the poorest and the most vulnerable communities with limited access to health care, and a potentially economical alternative to improve infant feeding—compared to relying on overburdened health workers? Is there any safer Breastfeeding Program that protects babies from HIV? How can we improve programs for nutrition counseling, soybean promotion, and micronutrient supplementation in African communities? Join us as we explore the goals and purposes of infant nutrition education Host: Dr. Ladi Owolabi Co-Host: Regina Askia Williams, RN Expert Private Sector's perspective: Mr. Folusho Obe Special Guest: Dr. Sorosh Roshan Quality control: Mr. William A. Verdone Director and Producer: Mr. Wale Idris Ajibade AFRICAN VIEWS
Boys & Girls Combating Violence against Women November 25th has been designated the day of the Elimination of all forms of Violence against Women by the United Nations. Dr. Sorosh Roshan, one of the world's current greatest advocates on women's wellbeing and the president of IHAN (International Health Awareness Network) is extending an invitation to youth groups all over the world to share their ideas on how the youth can be involved in the elimination of violence against women on AV- Radio on December 2nd. The premise is that youth empowered by experience and knowledge of the older generation can bring about desirable change. Thus, the intergenerational element, the cooperation between young and old, gives new and helpful perspectives necessary for addressing the pandemic of violence against women. This discussion will serve as part of the 16 day-action plan series of events from Nov. 25 to Dec. 10 (Human Rights Day) - please visit http://www.Ihan.org to see details about upcoming related events in December. Join us this week as we discuss the role of the youths in combating violence against women. HOST: DR. SURENDRA KAUSHIK CO-HOST: DR. SOROSH ROSHAN SPECIAL GUESTS: STUDENTS FROM 'THE CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK' Natalia Saavedra, Lila Benaissa, and Vanessa Muro will share their intergenerational perspectives on the topic. Their objective is to raise awareness and give the role of youth an important platform in solving problems, specifically, violence against women.